Topics: Tetuila elaegypt - modrntrading.com
Legends of “revenance,” or people returning from the dead, have deep roots among human civilizations, stretching all the way back to ancient Egypt, Greece, Babylonia and beyond. As reported in LiveScience , vampire tales have circulated in eastern Europe since at least the 11th century. According to ancient folklore, a person risked becoming a vampire after death if he or she was unbaptized, or killed in some violent manner. People also risked vampirehood if they were outsiders from another area, or if they were among the first to die from an infectious disease.
In fact, the longstanding idea that vampires drink blood may date back to medieval plagues and epidemics, when diseased corpses would remain exposed for extended periods of time. Gases inside the decomposing body would cause bloating, and force blood up through the lungs and esophagus and into the mouth. Those people unfamiliar with such biological processes may have seen corpses in this state and believed they had grown fat from feasting on human blood.
In 17th and 18th century Poland, people performed apotropaic funerary rites, intended to guard against evil, for those people who they suspected might become vampires after death. These included placing the sharp, curved farming tools called sickles across their bodies, or lodging large rocks under their chins. The idea was that if the person did rise from the dead, the sharp blade of the sickle would decapitate him, while the rocks would pin his jaw shut and prevent him from preying on the living.